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This research, driven in partnership by the British Council and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), looks at the reasons why some national governments invest in supporting outward mobility scholarship programmes. The study aims to improve our understanding of why governments sponsor these programmes; how they are designed, administered, and funded; who participates and where they study; and what impact the programmes are having.
The report contains detailed case studies of 11 countries and their approaches to national outward mobility scholarship programmes, with comparative case study analysis and recommendations for countries looking to establish or develop outward mobility scholarship programmes.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.
The Charter was created as part of a collaborative process to help guide the philanthropic sector's data-related work and instil a data culture. The updated Charter it is soon to be released as a toolkit along with 4 of our Members' Case Studies – to begin with this series, the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy gives us a framework on the environment of collecting data in Pakistan.
The World Citizens Panel (WCP) is an impact measurement methodology developed by Oxfam Novib. It is designed to measure and understand the changes in people’s lives resulting from Oxfam’s projects. The WCP combines quantitative research (impact surveys) with qualitative research (Stories of Change) to give participants in Oxfam Novib’s programmes a voice, to learn how our programmes can be improved, and to contribute to the public debate on the effectiveness of development cooperation.
This impact study of the programme in Pakistan was carried out in 2013/2014/2015. About 80 interviewers carried out a total of 4,160 interviews; 14 partners carried out the surveys in their own areas of intervention. The study included a broad set of indicators, covering major dimensions of poverty and injustice. Data collected by partners with the help of a smartphone app was transferred into a central database, managed and analysed by the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team. Based on the outcomes of the impact surveys, it was decided to conduct further qualitative research with Stories of Change on gender-based violence and land rights for women.
This report presents the major findings from the analysis of the survey results and Stories of Change.
Pakistan is highly vulnerable to disasters, but disasters have very different impacts on women, girls, men and boys. Moreover, organizations involved in relief efforts are currently not paying sufficient attention to the needs of women and girls. This analysis by Oxfam identifies the main areas where a gender gap is apparent, and puts forward recommendations for addressing these issues.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
This pioneering research by the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy sheds light on the patterns, trends, behaviors, and characteristics of individual giving in Pakistan.
Not only does this study provide insightful quantitative data, but it also touches on the interesting issue of zakat giving, as well as prescribing strategic recommendations for policymakers and relevant stakeholders to boost individual philanthropy in Pakistan.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
The Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy takes pride in presenting the study on the State of Individual Philanthropy in Pakistan which brings to light not only the volume of individual giving in different forms but also the patterns and motivations of household giving behaviour across four provinces. The study is a pioneer comprehensive exposition of trends of individual giving and its channelization to individuals to meet their immediate needs or to organizations of religious nature to improve the social welfare functions.
If a large earthquake were to occur off the coast of Pakistan and trigger a tsunami, residents of fishing villages would need to act quickly in order to escape. A tsunami caused by an earthquake in this region in November 1945 claimed hundreds of lives. Most of the fatalities occurred along tidal creeks of the Indus River Delta, where people scarcely felt the original earthquake. Today, many of the villages in the Delta can still only be reached by boat, and telecommunications are limited. These circumstances add to the challenge of alerting local people to the danger of any incoming tsunami.
This study, supported by Oxfam GB, underlines the extent of this challenge. It analyses the limitations of early warning dissemination systems in the coastal belt of Pakistan and investigates opportunities for strengthening them. It highlights the vulnerability of coastal communities in the face of natural hazards such as tsunamis and cyclones, due to their isolation, the limitations of communications infrastructure and limited awareness and preparedness of local authorities.
'My Rights, My Voice' (MRMV) is a multi-country programme implemented by Oxfam GB, Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Québec and their partners with the aim of engaging marginalized children and youth in their rights to health and education services. The programme has been implemented in eight countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam.
This evaluation aimed to systematically analyse the actual outcomes of the programme and its underlying working mechanisms against the proposed outcomes and MRMV's theory of change.
Oxfam's management response to the evaluation report is included as a separate document.
This report presents findings from stories of change and existing scientific literature on family planning in Pakistan. The main objective of this report is to: a) give an overview of the barriers that married Pakistani women and their husbands face in adopting family planning and b) indicate how these barriers can be overcome. The first chapter discusses the risks that Pakistani women and children face when they are not adopting healthy reproductive behaviours and highlights the importance of family planning. The second chapter focuses on the barriers that hamper the adoption of family planning methods among married Pakistani couples. The third chapter highlights important steps that need to be undertaken to tackle barriers and enhance contraceptive uptake and family planning. Suggestions on how to change people's knowledge and attitudes and how to help married Pakistani women and their husbands change their behaviour are presented.The 18 stories of change were collected in Punjab province, Pakistan, in 2015. The scientific literature that was used comprises both studies undertaken in Pakistan and beyond.
Walk Free Foundation;
The Global Slavery Index ('the Index') provides an estimate of the number of people in modern slavery, the factors that make individuals vulnerable to this crime, and an assessment of government action across 167 countries.
The Global Slavery Index is based on state of the art research methodology that has been developed with the assistance of an independent Expert Working Group, comprised of world leading experts. The methodology has also been subjected to independent external review. This estimate is based on data from nationally representative, random sample surveys conducted in 25 countries. All surveys were conducted face-to-face in key local languages using a standardised instrument. Collectively, these surveys represent 44 percent of the global population. The results of these surveys have been extrapolated to countries with an equivalent risk profile.
The 2016 estimate is an increase on the estimate provided in the previous edition of the Index. As efforts to measure this hidden crime are still relatively new, we are not asserting that modern slavery has increased in the intervening period. Indeed, results from our surveys reveal some national estimates have increased while others have decreased. We believe that the overall larger number reflects a significant increase in the quality and quantity of research on this issue. While the methodology will continually improve, even at this early stage, survey data have greatly improvedthe accuracy of our measures.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the women's empowerment thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in December 2014 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'Empowering Small Producers especially Women in the Dairy Sector' project.
The project's overall objective is to improve livelihoods opportunities, increasing income and employment, as well as improving women's empowerment by improving their economic leadership in the dairy sector. The project activities were implemented by Oxfam GB in conjunction with Doaba Foundation, a local partner organisation. The review adopted a quasi-experimental impact evaluation design combined with a qualitative component. In order to measure women's empowerment, this evaluation identified 18 indicators associated with empowerment in the dairy sector in South Punjab and employs a multidimensional measure aggregating them in one composite index.
For more information, the data for this effectiveness review is available through the UK Data Service. Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.