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Mastercard Foundation, together with a group of strategic partners, has initiated a research project to look at the role of secondary education in preparing African youth for the future of work, with emphasis on ensuring youth acquire the skills, knowledge, and competencies necessary to succeed in a dynamic and globalized labour market.Significant challenges remain in access, quality, and relevance of secondary education in Africa. Given the transformative potential of the growing youth population, the shifts in African labour markets, and the evolving technology and its impact on nature of work — fundamental changes in secondary education are needed to equip young people to be successful in work and in life. Only a small fraction of students in Africa complete university level studies, and with secondary school becoming more accessible, it will increasingly become the main bridge to work for most youth.Rethinking and reforming secondary education, including what young people learn andhow they learn it, is necessary to make education relevant for youth employment orentrepreneurship in a dynamic and globalized labour market.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation;
While the world has made huge economic gains over the past 50 years, this progress has been highly uneven. This is particularly acute in the agriculture sector, with many of the 500 million smallholder farmers around the world living on meager incomes and facing high levels of economic insecurity.Despite some recent innovations and advances in including smallholders as market players, there have been few cases where truly widespread, market-level, transformative change towards inclusion has been achieved.In this report, we explore the role of different kinds of capital in bending the arc of agricultural market development towards inclusive growth. We pay particular attention to how impact-focused players deploying capital that is flexible in terms of risk-return expectations can best deploy it in order to catalyze large-scale transformations towards inclusion.
West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
The effective implementation of WACSI's interventions is dependent on civil society's contributions and feedback on the Institute's work in promoting an open, safe and prosperous West Africa. WACSI's interventions are guided and inspired by the critical voices from key stakeholders and engagement by different communities and groups across West Africa. At WACSI, we are conscious that civic space affects everything civil society does and everything civil society does affects civic space. A safe, open, free and enabling space for all to form and voice opinions, debate, be heard and peacefully protest, is also an essential prerequisite for achieving the ECOWAS Vision 2020. Civic freedoms including the freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, safe environments and effective participation are therefore essential. This Op-Ed critically assesses the civic space environment in 2019, predictions for 2020 and issues that need more introspection and collective action.
West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
Social accountability is an approach towards building accountability that relies on civic engagement in which citizens participate directly or indirectly in demanding accountability from service providers and public officials. It usually combines information on rights and service delivery with collective action for change. It has become a tool for direct engagement with service providers to ensure that citizens get adequate services or adequate explanation when those services are not available. When social accountability mechanisms are weak, the context becomes more challenging for communities or individual citizens to play a powerful role. Also, social accountability is fundamentally and ultimately a question of power as it requires both social and political pressure to ensure that duty bearers are kept on their toes. This piece will therefore explore the tools and approaches that some African social movements used to effectively drive the social accountability agenda. The tools we are exploring here are respectively social media and creative arts, while the approaches will be based on their ways of mobilising and organising. We conclude by making some recommendations for donors, government, citizens and other stakeholders.
West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI);
The phrase 'back to the basics' is a stark reminder of the importance of enhancing capacity. Capacity strengthening is the basic foundational pillar that ensures the viability of an organisation. Interestingly, we often must be reminded of the importance of building our organisation's capacity.Just like in the business sphere, CSOs are formed with the intention of operating successfully and sustainably. The only difference is that the formation of CSOs is often driven by a social need or a community problem instead of a profit motive. Therefore, capacity development is essential to ensure that CSOs do not only survive but also thrive.
SAIS China-Africa Research Initiative;
From modest beginnings in 1960, China has recently become a highly visible actor in Africa's lending landscape. The World Bank recently released data on official debt to China in 37 African countries. We at CARI use this debt data, and our own new data on over 1,100 loan commitments across all of China's African borrowers, to analyze Chinese lending to Africa's risky borrowers.
Ce rapport se penche sur le rôle de l'éducation secondaire dans l'acquisition descompétences, des connaissances et du savoir-faire nécessaires aux jeunes pour réussir surun marché du travail dynamique et mondialisé, de plus en plus marqué par le numériqueet l'automatisation. S'appuyant sur une grande variété de recherches menées par desexperts en Afrique et dans le monde, le rapport « Éducation secondaire en Afrique » faitétat des progrès accomplis et fournit aux décideurs ainsi qu'à l'ensemble des acteurs del'éducation qui cherchent des moyens d'améliorer l'accès à un enseignement secondairepertinent et de qualité des exemples de pratiques prometteuses mises en place dans larégion et au-delà. Il examine les facteurs qui facilitent la réforme et l'innovation à tous lesniveaux du système d'éducation.Ce rapport ne se veut pas une feuille de route. Son objectif est plutôt de souligner lanécessité urgente d'améliorer les systèmes d'éducation et de contribuer au dialogue surles moyens qui permettront à l'Afrique de tirer le meilleur parti de sa jeunesse croissante.Nous espérons que ce rapport aidera les décideurs, le secteur privé, les éducateurs, lesphilanthropes et les jeunes eux-mêmes à imaginer l'éducation secondaire dans un monded'après la COVID-19 et à tenir compte des recommandations pratiques pour y parvenir.En présentant des pratiques prometteuses dans une variété de domaines tels que laréforme des programmes scolaires, la formation des enseignants, les approches soupleset les innovations en matière de financement, nous espérons que ces exemples dechangement positif et de progrès durable, par et pour les Africains, sauront montrerla voie.
The birth year of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), 1963, is often considered Africa's year of independence. But political freedom did not mean freedom from the repression and violence which had characterized the colonial period. Wars and conflicts have scarred the continent since independence. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, they became more complex and widespread. And so, too, did the international efforts to restore and (re) build peace in Africa. Countries worst affected by violence and conflict included Sierra Leone, Liberia, Rwanda, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan/South Sudan, Central African Republic, Mali, and Libya. In recent years, the quest for sustainable peace in Africa has taken on a new urgency, as instability and insecurity continue to negatively impact the lives of millions of Africans and hinder the continent's economic growth and development. This book joins the quest for peace by examining 30 years of peacebuilding in Africa, highlighting key lessons learned and offering some recommendations for making peace stick.
Aspire Coronation Trust Foundation;
The global disruption caused by the novel coronavirus has had severe implications for life in general and the social sector is no exception. In a bid to better understand how social change organizations in Africa have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, ACT Foundation surveyed hundreds of organizations across Africa.This report examines the extent and effect of COVID-19 on the services, operations, finances and people of nonprofits and other impact organizations across Africa. The research sought to identify areas of urgent need in the sector and provide funders with critical insights into the most impactful ways to allocate resources. The report offers our recommendations to social change organizations and the donor community in building back the sector better.
This report is the first of its kind to focus exclusively on the impact of COVID-19 on African CSOs. It is based on a survey conducted by @AfricanNGOs and EPIC-Africa between 29 April and 15 May 2020.The objectives of the survey were four-fold:Assess the negative impact of the pandemic on the funding and operations of CSOsUnderstand how CSOs are coping and responding to these challengesHighlight CSOs' involvement in national responses to the pandemicIdentify opportunities emerging from the crisis and the lessons learnedThe report presents a snapshot of the impact of COVID-19 on African CSOs, as well as the many ways that they are responding to the crisis while safeguarding their organizations. It also highlights opportunities that emerged from the crisis and crucial challenges which need to be addressed in support of the recovery and sustainability of African CSOs.This report fills a critical knowledge gap and offers funders, governments, the private sector and other key stakeholders data-based evidence to inform their engagement with African CSOs, both during and after the pandemic.It also provides CSOs with a tool to help strengthen solidarity and inform advocacy for greater recognition and support for the sector.
Partnership for Evidence-Based COVID-19 Response;
This report distills key insights from PERC's third survey conducted in February 2021. The survey asked people in 19 African Union (AU) Member States about their perceptions of public health and social measures (PHSMs), vaccines, access to health care, food and income while living through the COVID-19 pandemic.Findings from this survey are compared to those from an identical survey implemented in August 2020, alongside the changing epidemiological, political and social contexts, to help identify key findings, policy actions and tools that can be used to strengthen both outbreak response and preparedness.
China Africa Research Initiative, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University;
The African continent's threat spectrum compasses all the risks, from criminal to political violence,that public and private Chinese companies are going toexperience throughout the Belt & Road Initiative. From Libya to South Sudan, China has witnessed how severely limitingthe sole reliance on economic development to promotesecurity and sustainable development can be. As such,security is an increasingly important priority, especially for Chinese companies operating in politically volatile areas. Compared to their American or Russian peers, Chinese private security companies (PSCs) are latecomers to the African security sector and their services are unrelated to the provision of military services or the delivery of military equipment. At present, China's PSCs are still evolving from local security enterprises operating in low risk environments in Mainland China into international companies able to maneuver abroad in high-risk areas. Africa is the litmus test for Chinese PSCs, with tasks including assets protection from riots, theft, or terrorism to maritime anti-piracy missions.Therefore, local best practices and lessons that Beijing cane xtract from Cape Town to Cairo are not only of paramount importance for the Chinese African cooperation mechanism but also for a broader collaboration with local and international stakeholders.